This 5-day course provides a thorough introduction to the C++ programming language. A complete sequence of working samples are used to demonstrate concepts presented in the course guide. Lab exercises are provided with detailed instructions and working solutions. If you are leveraging C++ to create applications on the job or on your own, this course will help you understand how C++ works, and immediately be more productive.
Key Learning Areas
- Learn the basic structural elements of a C++ program
- Learn a disciplined approach to program design
- Learn to compose types and implement encapsulation
- Learn the role of copy constructors
- Learn techniques for handling memory allocation errors
- Learn how to model your problem domain
- Learn the features of virtual functions and dynamic binding
- Learn the C++ exception mechanism
- Learn the RTTI mechanism
- Learn the principles behind generic programming
- Learn how to write simple template functions and classes
- Use the iostream library for input and output
- Learn to distinguish between lvalues and rvalues
- Use move semantics to avoid copying and improve performance
- And much more…
Language Primer & OO Concepts
- Examine the basic syntax and language constructs of a C++ program.
- Learn how the object model provides the framework for abstraction, encapsulation and instantiation.
Classes in C++
- Use member data to represent data encapsulated in a
- Use member functions to implement class' operations and provide access to its data.
- Use the 'this' pointer to refer to the invoking object.
- Implement an abstract data type using C++ classes.
- Organize code for C++ classes into code files and header files.
- Write simple test programs to exercise each member function of a class.
Functions in C++
- Use function prototypes in your code.
- Take advantage of C++ support for strong type checking.
- Make use of automatic conversion of parameters in function calls when there is a prototype.
- Use inline functions.
- Use default arguments.
- Learn the benefits of overloading.
- Learn the standard C/C++ call by value mechanism for passing parameters in functions calls.
Constructors and Destructors
- Learn the use and benefit of constructors.
- Use multiple constructors in a class, including the default constructor.
- Learn the use and benefit of destructors.
- Simplify a class by using default arguments in a constructor.
- Learn the use of static, automatic (stack) and heap memory.
- Use new and delete to manage memory.
- Provide constructors and destructors to support dynamic objects.
- Discuss techniques for handling memory allocation errors.
- Hide details of memory management in a class.
- Use reference declarations to alias variables.
- Use references in argument passing.
- Learn the role of copy constructors.
- Use constant types in your programs.
- Use overloaded operators in your code.
- Learn the semantics of assignment.
- Distinguish between initialization and assignment.
- Overload the assignment operator.
- Implement type conversions by overloading cast operators and by constructors.
- Use C++ scoping facilities.
- Use constants through enumeration types and through the const keyword.
- Define "static members" and use them in your code.
- Control access to member data and functions through public, private, and protected access specifiers.
- Define "friend" function and explain how a friend function differs from a member function.
- Use inheritance to model your problem domain and achieve greater code reuse.
- Use C++ class derivation to implement inheritance.
- Use public, protected and private to control access to class members.
- Use an initialization list for proper base class initialization and embedded member initialization.
- Determine order of invocation of constructors and destructors.
- Distinguish between use of inheritance and composition.
Polymorphism and Virtual Functions
- Learn the features of virtual functions and dynamic binding.
- Learn pointer conversion in C++ inheritance and use pointers in connection with virtual functions.
- Use polymorphism in C++ to write better structured, more maintainable code.
- Provide virtual destructors for classes using virtual functions.
- Specify abstract classes using pure virtual functions.
- Learn the C++ exception mechanism and contrast it with handling errors by function return codes as in C.
- Learn the concepts of context and stack unwinding.
- Review the automatic cleanup process that occurs with C++ exception handling.
- Describe how matching of a thrown exception is done in the case of multiple catch handlers.
Runtime Type Information
- Learn the C++ runtime type information (RTTI) mechanism.
- Use RTTI for special purposes in programs where the standard virtual function mechanism is not adequate.
- Use dynamic cast to achieve type safety in working with pointer conversions.
- Describe the C++ cast notation and discuss its benefits.
- Review the C++ template mechanism and implement programs using templates.
- Learn how to write simple template functions and classes.
- Understand the principles behind generic programming.
- Implement a general array class in C++ using templates.
- Review the basic elements of the Standard Template Library.
- Use the iostream library for input and output
- Use formatted I/O with iostreams.
- Outline the inheritance hierarchy of the principal streams classes.
- Overload operators >> and << to do I/O in your own classes.
- Examine variations on inheritance
- Learn how to disambiguate
- The importance of virtual base classes
R-Values and Move Semantics
- Compare and contrast r-values and l-values
- Use r-value references as arguments via function overloading
- Discuss the “rule of 5”
- Use move semantics to allow an object to take ownership of another objects resourses
To gain the most benefit from this course, students should have experience programming in C
Experience programming in a modern object-oriented language such as Java or C# is also sufficient